The Key Characteristics of living things from Kingdom Plantae :
Type of organism:
- Multicellular, Eukaryotic organisms
Mode of Nutrition:
- Plants get their nutrition via synthesizing food themselves.
- The formula for this action to take place is:
Carbon Dioxide (CO2) + Sunlight (Photons) + Water (H2O) -->
Glucose (Carbohydrates, Cm(H2O)n) + Oxygen (O2)
- Non-motile organisms (Does not move around, stays in a fixed position)
- Plants mainly reproduce by seeds, while some reproduce by spores.
Examples of plants that reproduce by seeds:
Flowering plants - Apple tree, Durian tree, Rose bush
Non-flowering plants - Pine tree, Gingko tree
Examples of plants that reproduce by spores:
Ferns - Stag's Horn Fern, Bird's Nest Fern
Mosses - Sphagnum Moss, Haircap Moss
- Breadcrumb Sponge
- Vascular Plants
- Plants that reproduce by spores
- Non-vascular plants
Angiosperms - Flowering plants with seeds inside their flowers
Examples: Apple tree, Durian tree, Rose bush (basically plants reproducing by seeds)
Non-Flowering Plants (A plant that does not bear flowers):
Gymnosperms - Plants that have their seeds open to the air
Examples: Pine tree, Cedar tree, Redwood tree, Spruce tree, Gingkos (a.k.a. Maidenhair tree)
Examples: Rose bush, mango tree, apple tree
Examples: Seaweed, Duckweed
Main Plant Parts : Roots, Stem, Leaves, Flowers, Fruit, Seeds
- Anchor plant to the soil
- Water and minerals are absorbed from the soil through the roots
- Tiny root hairs stick out of the root, helping in the absorption.
- Some plants such as carrots, store food in their roots.
- Support the plant
- Water and dissolved nutrients from the soil travel up the stem through the xylem Vessel
- Food travel down the stem to the roots throgh the phloem vessel.
- Can be bendable (daisy)
- Can be woody (oak tree)
- Most plants' food is made in their leaves.
- Designed to capture sunlight which the plant uses to make food through a process called photosynthesis.
- Have stomata (opening for gas exchange) on underside of leave.
- Reproductive part of most plants.
- Contain pollen and tiny eggs called ovules
- After fertilization of the ovule, the ovule develops into a fruit.
- Covering for seeds
- Can be fleshy (apple) or hard (nut)
- Contain tiny embryo of new plants
- Forms fruit
Done by : See To Yu Xiang, Johanan Teo Yong Ren, Chio Jia Le, Tim Yap Ming En
School of Science and Technology, Singapore
ID1281479336, 'Would Someone give me ten examples about gymnosperms'